The Roll of
over-400 page manuscript holds information on South Carolina
soldiers who died fighting for the Confederacy,
often containing names, home towns, regiments, and cause and
place of death for the 12,000 soldiers listed.
This volume contains names compiled by Professor William J.
Rivers between 1864 and 1868 under a resolution passed by the
Secession Convention in 1862 to honor those who had fallen in
defense of South Carolina. A Confederate widow was hired in the
summer of 1870 by the Survivors' Association to copy Rivers'
list into its present form. An appendix at the end of the volume
contains names that Rivers had not been able to confirm. The
manuscript fell into the possession of Edward McCrady of Charleston
and eventually was stored in the vault of the South Carolina
National Bank. In 1947, a bank official thinking it was a Confederate
document turned it over to the National Archives. In 1994, staff
of the South Carolina Department of Archives and History researched
and documented the origins of the Roll of the Dead and persuaded
the National Archives to return it to the state of South Carolina.
Microfilm of the volume can be viewed in the South Carolina
Archives and History Reference Room or purchased, microfilm titled:
of the Confederate Historian.